KPT/JPS(R/010/3/0217/A10095)03/19 | KPT/JPS(R/010/3/0107/A8684)03/18
Accounting (9706)
The syllabus enables learners to apply their accounting knowledge and understanding in order to analyse and present information, give reasoned explanations, and make judgements and recommendations. The syllabus covers topics such as the recording of financial information, accounting principles and control systems, and the preparation of final accounts for a variety of different organisations and businesses. Learners find out about raising capital by shares and loans, ratio analysis and cost accounting, and study the preparation of cash flow statements, cash flow analysis, and standard costing and investment appraisal, among many other topics.

Biology (9700)
The syllabus covers a combination of theoretical and practical studies leading to an understanding of the biological molecules, cells, how organisms exchange substances with their environment and genetic information, variation and relationships between organisms. In the advanced subsidiary level the syllabus covers about the energy transfers in and between organisms, how organisms respond to changes in their internal and external environment, genetics, populations, evolution, ecosystems and the control of gene expression.

Business (9609)
The syllabus enables learners to understand and appreciate the nature and scope of business, and the role it plays in society. The syllabus covers economic, environmental, ethical, governmental, legal, social and technological issues, and encourages a critical understanding of organisations, the markets they serve and the process of adding value. Learners examine the management of organisations and, the process of decision-making in a dynamic external environment.

Chemistry (9701)
The subject provides a thorough understanding of key concepts, an in-depth knowledge of chemistry’s most important themes and strong practical skills. Among other topics, the syllabus covers atoms and forces, experiments and evidence (evidence gained from observations and experiments to build models and theories), patterns in chemical behaviour and reactions, chemical bonds and energy changes.

Computer Science* (9608)
The aim of the syllabus is to encourage learners to develop an understanding of the fundamental principles of computer science and how computer programs work in a range of contexts. Learners will study topics including information representation, communication and Internet technologies, hardware, software development, and relational database modelling. As they progress, learners will develop their computational thinking and use problem solving to develop computer-based solutions using algorithms and programming languages besides developing a range of skills such as thinking creatively, analytically, logically and critically.

Economics (9708)
The syllabus covers a range of basic economic ideas, including an introduction to the price system and government intervention, international trade and exchange rates, the measurement of employment and inflation, and the causes and consequences of inflation. Learners also study the price system, the theory of the firm, market failure, macroeconomic theory and policy, and economic growth and development. Ability to explain, evaluate and analyse economic issues and arguments are developed in learners as they progress.

Further Mathematics (9231)
The syllabus is designed to broaden and deepen the mathematical knowledge and skills and provides a stimulating experience for those who enjoy the subject. This subject must be studied alongside Mathematics. The content of the syllabus covers the areas of Pure Mathematics, Mechanics and Statistics.

Law (9804)
The syllabus provides sound knowledge and understanding of the role of law and its institutions in an ever-changing society. The syllabus develops a critical awareness of legal concepts and structures of the changing nature of law in society and of proposals for reform. Learners gain lifelong skills, including knowledge and understanding of the English legal system, Contract Law and Tort Law, the ability to analyse realistic scenarios, and greater command of language to express interpretation, reasoning, comment and judgement.  

Literature in English (9695)
The syllabus encourages learners to appreciate and respond to literature in English through reading and critical analysis of texts on the three main forms: prose, poetry and drama. Set texts are offered from a wide range of different periods and cultures. Learners will develop skills of writing creatively and persuasively, using appropriate styles, and in researching and managing information.  

Mathematics (9709)
The subject provides students with a solid grounding in the mathematical tools and techniques often needed in the workplace. The logical and reasoning skills developed by studying this subject make sure the qualification is widely respected even in non-mathematical arenas. The syllabus is divided into two approximately equal halves with learners taking two papers at the Advanced Subsidiary level and four papers at the advanced level. The topic covers Pure Mathematics, Mechanics (for science students) and Probability and Statistics.

Physics (9702)
The syllabus provides well-designed studies of experimental and practical science enabling learners to acquire sufficient understanding and knowledge such as accuracy and precision, inventiveness, environmental impact of physics and its applications. Among other topics, the syllabus covers kinematics, dynamics, deformation of solids, particle & nuclear physics, quantum physics, magnetic fields, electromagnetic induction.

Psychology (9698)
The syllabus reflects five core areas of psychology, namely cognitive, social, physiological, developmental, and the psychology of individual differences; it also relates psychology to education, health, organisations, the environment and abnormality. As part of their studies, learners review important research; this provides an insight into the ways in which psychology has been applied, thereby leading to a better understanding of key themes and issues. Learners develop skills of analysis, interpretation, application and evaluation among others, understanding of individual, social and cultural diversity, and ethical issues including moral and ethical implications.

Sociology* (9699)
The subject offers learners the opportunity to explore the processes that are shaping current trends, and develop an understanding of the complexity and diversity of human societies and their continuities with the past. The study of sociology stimulates awareness of contemporary social, cultural and political issues, and focuses on the importance of examining these issues in a rigorous, reasoned and analytical way. AS Level provides solid grounding in the central ideas and approaches in Sociology including family as well as theory and methods; whereas, a variety of key areas of sociological enquiry such as global development, education, religion and media are explored at A Level.